Evergreen azalea, which prefers climates with cool summers, is suitable for growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 9. . It is a dense, semi-evergreen azalea that typically grows to 2-3’ tall. Lanceolate to oblanceolate, slightly toothed leaves (to 1.5” long) are glossy dark green above and paler beneath. It is native to Japan and has showy hot pink flowers that bloom in mid to late spring, usually 1-2 weeks after R. kiusianum. Good soil drainage is essential (doesn’t like “wet feet”). Shallow, fibrous root systems (do not cultivate around plants) will benefit greatly from a mulch (e.g., wood chips, bark or pine needles) to help retain moisture and stabilize soil temperatures. Trim wayward branches and remove dead or damaged growth as needed to maintain a balanced appearance. Although too much shade results in sparse, leggy growth, too much sun may scorch or bleach the foliage. Funnel-shaped, red to scarlet flowers (to 2.5” diameter) bloom in trusses in late (May). Commonly known as evergreen azalea, Rhododendron indicum is an attractive shrub with shiny, deep green leaves that display a hint of red during the winter. Azalea Plant Search. Rhododendron indicum AGE: 8 HEIGHT: 12 - 14" Current stock: 0. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Evergreen compact shrub about 60-90cm (23-35 inch) tall that thrives in acidic soils. Transferred from the Greek name for Nerium oleander.Specific epithet means of India but this plant is native to Japan.R. Set Descending Direction. A layer of mulch helps keep the soil moist while conserving water. In general, it is best grown in acidic, humusy, organically rich, medium moisture, moisture-retentive but well-drained soils in part shade. It is an evergreen which in the wild grows as a small shrub (up to six feet). Water immediately to distribute the fertilizer evenly and to prevent scorching the roots. Dwarf Indica (Gumpo) Azalea; Phonetic Spelling rho-doh-DEN-dron er-ee-oh-KAR-pum This plant has high severity poison characteristics. There are more than 1000 Satsuki azaleas. M.H. Companion plants include: Trees: Oaks, Magnolias, Japanese Maples, Styrax, Stewartias, Birch and Dogwoods. This azalea is reportedly winter hardy to 0 degrees F. It is not reliably winter hardy in USDA Zone 6 (including St. Louis) where it must be well mulched and sited in a protected location insulated from winter winds. The azalea used to be considered a separate genus from the rhododendron, but has recently been reclassified. How to Grow Evergreen Girard's Rose Azaleas, How to Care for a Potted Freesia After Blooming, How to Care for Otto Luyken Laurel Plants, North Carolina State University Extension: Rhododendron Indicum, Missouri Botanical Garden: Rhododendron Indicum, EasyBloom: Evergreen Azalea (Rhododendron Indicum), Washington State University Spokane County Extension: Rhododendrons. I will try to send it to Rhododendron expert for species level identity. Description Southern Indian Azalea is a small semi-evergreen shrub that grows up to 6' and is dense and spreading. A healthy plant in the proper environment with proper care should have limited problems, however. Evergreen azalea, which thrives in acidic soil with a pH of less than 6.5, benefits from addition of generous quantities of organic matter, such as bark chips or pine needles, at planting time. Commonly known as evergreen azalea, Rhododendron indicum is an attractive shrub with shiny, deep green leaves that display a hint of red during the winter. A spot under a tall tree is an excellent planting location for evergreen azalea, as the plant thrives in dappled or filtered sunlight. It is a dense, semi-evergreen azalea that typically grows to 2-3’ tall. Evergreen azalea is a dense, naturally shapely plant that requires little pruning. Azalea bonsai care in a nutshell: Fertilisation: Fertilize liberally from March to September with bonsai fertilizer for azaleas, Irrigation: Do not keep too dry. Satsuki azaleas (Rhododendron indicum) are native to Japan, where the hybrid plants have been both prized and developed for centuries. Recommended Add-Ons. Although Linnaeus in 1753 named a particular plant as Azalea indica (Rhododendron indicum (L.) Sweet is derived from the Linnean basionym), during the two intervening centuries Bloom Time: Late Midseason to Late. Bonsai Pro Fertilizer 8 oz - $14.00 Bonsai Beginners Course - $29.99 8" Pruning Shears - $17.00 Humidity Tray 11" - $11.00 Qty: Share: Add to Bag Description … She writes about a variety of topics, with a focus on sustainable, pesticide- and herbicide-free gardening. $42.00 ( 0 Reviews) ITEM CODE: DT1217AZZ BOTANICAL NAME: Rhododendron indicum AGE: 4 HEIGHT: 8 - 10" Current stock: 0. Satsuki azaleas bonsai (Rhododendron indicum) belong to the group of hardy outdoor bonsai trees and should therefore be kept outdoors. Rhododendron, Satsuki Azalea, Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea 'George L. Taber' Rhododendron indicum. The distribution of the woody species Rhododendron indicum, which grows along rivers and is able to withstand water flow when rivers flood (i.e. Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan. To keep the shrub tidy and to promote healthy growth, snap off wilted flower clusters regularly throughout the blooming season. There are hundreds of azalea cultivars. This plant is moderately salt tolerant. The leaves of the smaller azalea are usually pointed and narrow; the leaves of the rhododendron are generally large and leathery. Lanceolate to oblanceolate, slightly toothed leaves (to 1.5” long) are glossy dark green above and paler beneath. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. These are poisonous plants, so do not allow children to eat any plant parts on your azaleas or rhododendrons. Rhododendron indicum (L.) Sweet (=Azalea indica L.) Colour variants: Pink, White, Variegated. It is native to the mountains of Japan. Pues aquí os dejo un vídeo en el que quiero compartir con vosotr@s las azaleas satsuki. Wildlife Value: Members of the genus Rhododendron support the following specialized bee: Andrena (Andrena) cornelli. Leaves acquire reddish tints in winter.Genus name comes from the Greek words rhodo meaning rose and dendron meaning tree. General Information: The azalea is a member of the genus Rhododendron. Mag., t. 1480, not L.; R. indicum var. simsii (Planch.) Azaleas indoors The many cultivars of Rhododendron simsii (often called Rhododendron indicum) are popular pot plants which are brought on, or ‘forced’, in warm, humid conditions for sale at … Developed as a cultivated ornamental in Japan, now widely grown throughout the world as numerous cultivars known as azaleas The leaves are sometimes glossy, but practically all varieties have some bristly hairs on leaf edges. Roots must never be allowed to dry out. Most varieties are compact and slow growing. Evergreen Azaleas, (sometimes called Japanese azaleas) keep their leaves in winter, and typically grow to 40-80cm (18"-30") in 10 years. Rhododendron simsii Planch. Synonyms: Rhododendron indicum Family: Ericaceae Common name: Azalea Shrub, Azalea indica, Azalea Inga Origin: Southern Indica azaleas (Azalea indica) are actually native to Japan and first introduced into Holland in 1680 but failed to catch on there. ‘Macrantha’ is a commonly sold cultivar of this species. Recommended Add-Ons. Flowers in spring and spot flowers summer/autumn. The plant tolerates more sunlight in climates with cool summers, but protection from intense heat and sun is critical in climates with hot, dry summers. Rhododendron indicum is native to Japan. 1 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Sort By. They definitely prefer acidic soils so make sure you adjust the soil accordingly. View gallery. As it decomposes, mulch enriches the soil and helps to maintain the proper pH. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. Blooms are carried in small clusters of two to five, each flower is 4-5cm across and may be single or double, sometimes with ruffled petals. She is an Oregon State University Master Gardener and Master Naturalist and holds a Master of Fine Arts in creative nonfiction writing. New Search "Printer Friendly" Page: More Information: Rhododendron indicum Photo: Rhododendron Species Foundation (ac81-084) Predominant Flower Color: Red. Although rhododendrons are more spectacular than azaleas, their smaller cousins, azalea hybrids are more popular locally as they are better suited to our climate. Although evergreen azalea requires constant moisture, well-draining soil is critical as the plant doesn't tolerate wet roots. Poor drainage inevitably leads to root rot, therefore raised beds/plantings should be considered in heavy clay soils such as those present in much of the St. Louis area. Cultivated variety of Azalea. Evergreen azalea needs soil that is constantly moist but never soggy, as the shrub is prone to rot in muddy soil. Azaleas don't like alkaline soils, wet feet, or root disturbance - so mulch around them to avoid digging into their fine roots. Muy buenas! Rhododendrons look best when planted in large beds with other rhododendrons, azaleas and suitable companion plants. Flower/Truss Description: Broadly funnel shaped, vivid red to strong reddish orange. These plants tend to be grown for their magnificent flowers that come into full bloom in spring time. General information about Rhododendron indicum (RHOIN) Japan (Honshu, Kyushu), endemic. About Rhododendrons & Azaleas The flowers are tubular-, funnel-, or bell-shaped—and often fragrant. Rhododendrons and azaleas are susceptible to many insect and disease problems, including but not limited to canker, crown rot, root rot, leaf spot, rust, powdery mildew, aphids, borers, lacebugs, leafhoppers, mealybugs, mites, nematodes, scale, thrips and whitefly. Acidify soils as needed. It prefers a sun dappled or high open shade. A backdrop of evergreens in the distance will provide shelter and a compatible setting. It reached America in the 18th century and became popular outdoor landscape plants in the warmer parts of the South. Refer to the label for specific rates of application, as quantity depends on a number of factors, including the age and size of the plant. The first Satsuki azaleas are probably naturally occurring crosses of the two azaleas Rhododendron indicum and Rhododendron tamurae. The persistent evergreen … Use a fertilizer formulated for acid-loving plants, such as a product labeled for azaleas and rhododendrons. Rhododendron indicum 'Happy Days' Azalea Indica ' Happy Days' Rhododendron indicum 'Happy Days' Azalea Indica ' Happy Days' Rhododendron is a genus of more than 1,000 species and include azaleas. Ideal pot plant for shaded balconies. Synonyms: Azalea indica sens. Inflorescence 1-2 flowered. Sorry - State Biosecurity laws mean we can't ship these plants to SA, TAS, VIC or WA. Water the plant deeply to saturate the roots, and then withhold water until the top of the soil feels slightly dry to the touch. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. ; R. indicum of many authors, in part, not (L.) Sweet. View gallery. Rhododendron, Satsuki Azalea, Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea 'Red Bird' Rhododendron indicum. 21 Items . See below Description. Southern Indica Hybrid Azalea (Rhododendron indicum) in the Rhododendrons Database The Top Azaleas and Rhododendrons By dave on April 11, 2015 It's Rhododendrons Celebration Week! In St. Louis, site this shrub in protected locations, including along walls and foundations that face south. Rhododendron indicum Common Name: Satsuki Azalea. Satsuki azaleas are mainly cultivated as bonsai because of the immense abundance of flowers. Avoid applying fertilizer after July 1, as fertilizing late in the season stimulates tender new growth that is prone to damage by frost. An eastern or northern exposure also works well. Evergreens: Pines, Dwarf Conifers, all Broadleaf Evergreens. Description: Azalea indica ‘Inga’is a wonderful shrub for planting in under light, shade trees where the many flowering pink and white add a seasonal splash of colour. Funnel-shaped, red to scarlet flowers (to 2.5” diameter) bloom in trusses in late (May). Azalea (scientific name: Rhododendron ferrugineum) same family and same genus. Deciduous Azaleas are taller, reaching 120-150cm (4'-5') in 10 years, and lose their leaves in the autumn, often with some wonderful colours first. Rhododendron (including the subsumed genus Azalea) confirms the wide use ofthe term as a geographical descriptor for plants of various species native to the Orient. These shrubs prefer climates with adequate rainfall and moist summers. Both are members of the Rhododendron family. Azalea in Zen Reflections Pot - DT1217AZZ; Azalea in Zen Reflections Pot - DT1217AZZ. Rhododendron indicum is an Azalea Rhododendron species native to Japan (S & W Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, Yakushima). Dyer began her writing career as a staff writer at a community newspaper and is now a full-time commercial writer. Clip off spent flower clusters immediately after bloom as practicable. A vast genus, it includes Rhododendron indicum hybrids, developed mainly from Japanese species, that are found in South Africa. This is Rhododendron sp. Satsuki azalea is a cultivar group of the species Rhododendron indicum, a type of azalea extensively cultivated by the Japanese. The big, bright red blooms, decorate the landscape in mid-spring. Azalea (Rhododendron simsii) is a shrub that grows to 2 m in height, with 2-3cm long leathery, egg-shaped leaves. A 2- to 3-inch layer of organic mulch, such as oak leaves, pine needles or wood chips, stabilizes soil temperature, keeping the roots cooler in summer and warmer in winter. Maxim. Evergreen azalea benefits from an application of fertilizer when the buds swell in early spring, and again after flowering ends. it is a rheophyte), is disjunct, in contrast to the widespread distribution of its relative, Rhododendron kaempferi. To keep the plant compact, pinch the growing tips frequently between the end of blooming and late June or early July. An evergreen or semi-evergreen shrub 3 to 8 ft high in the wild; young shoots clad with appressed, flattened, forward-pointing hairs. The soil should dry somewhat between each watering to promote air circulation around the roots, but the roots should never become totally dry. Woody, evergreen or deciduous shrub in the Ericaceae family. The azalea, genus Rhododendron indictum, is one of the most sought after and satisfying of all bonsai subjects. First and foremost among its reasons for popularity is that it flowers spectacularly. Show per page. Sims in Bot. In general, Satsuki varieties are late flowering (May-June) with 3-10cm large flowers. It is the type species for the Tsutsusi section and subsection, and was the original Tsutsusi described by Engelbert Kaempfer in Japan in 1712, from the Japanese name Kirishima-tsutsuji. The difference between Satsuki and Azalea is determined by the time when new shoots grow out, the flowering time, the size of flowers, and the gloss of leaves. Attached is a picture of a white Rhododendron/Azalea from Ooty Botanical Garden captured in November 2013. Where winter hardy, grow in mass, in groups or as specimens in shrub borders, mixed borders, woodland gardens and shade gardens. The Rhododendron genus contains about 1000 species, of which especially the Satsuki azalea (Rhododendron indicum) and Kurume azalea (Rhododendron kiusianum and Rhododendron kaempferi) are commonly used for Bonsai. The variety of flower shapes and especially colours is impressive. 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