Keep reading our simple guide, and create an interesting work without hesitation, questions and problems! In this, the understanding we bring from the past is tested in encounters with the present and forms what we take into the future (Louden 1991: 106). Jim Purdum/Getty Images This is ‘the range of vision that includes everything that can be see from a particular vantage point’ (ibid: 143). With a couple of substantial and interesting pieces, this collection includes key extracts and some important articles such as ‘The interaction order’ and ‘Felicity’s condition’. A dialogue poem is a poem composed of a conversation between two fictitious speakers, each of whom expresses a different viewpoint. 1991). Keepin, W. (1991) Lifework of David Bohm – River of Truth, http://www.shavano.org/html/bohm.html, Krishnamurti, J. and Bohm, D. (1985) The Ending of Time, New York: HarperCollins. Views social encounters as a dramatic performance in which people use various props, and act in ‘teams’. (1979) Communication and the Evolution of Society (trans. Avoid Fancy Dialogue Tags. Wardhaugh, R. (1985) How Conversation Works, Oxford: Blackwell. People are no longer primarily in opposition, nor can they be said to be interacting, rather they are participating in this pool of common meaning which is capable of constant development and change. It arises out of interaction. Each of the types of conversation are meaningless on their own; you give them meaning in their use. Goffman, E. (1959) The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, London: Penguin. This 1991 paper sets out the main elements of his thinking and the mechanics of his approach. In a written work, dialogue is one way that a writer can utilize the writing skill that is showing instead of merely telling. A literary work written in the form of a conversation. Jim said, “I’m not aware of it”. As Bohm et. His use of dramatic elements, including humour, draws the reader in. Ojai, Calif.: David Bohm Seminars). How to reference this piece: Smith, M. K. (2001) ‘Dialogue and conversation’, The encyclopedia of pedagogy and informal education. 251 pages. 1. Tannen, D. (1989) Talking Voices. Tartt crafts suspense finely in a scene where her protagonist overhears snatches of conversation between his new acquaintance Henry and their lecturer, Julian: ‘It was Julian and Henry. The goal is for participants to exchange information and build relationships with one another. Dialogue Tags Stay Outside the Quotation Marks. The goal is to win an argument or convince someone, such as the other participant or third-party observers. Based on direction and tone, I grouped conversations into four types: debate, dialogue, discourse, and diatribe. No organization wants to be subverted. Acknowledgement: Picture: Conversation by timrb. Once there is conversation there is hope. If you are striving to learn this form of communication, our guide will help you. Bernstein, R. J. All punctuation is inside the quotation marks. … Dialogue [in writing] … must have direction. Social science research indicates that having a positive, meaningful relationship with someone of a different background and learning about their identity correlates to viewing that person’s entire group more favorably. Language, discourse ‘exists not for the sake of expression alone but for the sake of the community it makes possible among those who become parties to it’ (Gunn 1992: 90). The same logic applies with interfaith conversations. When talking with someone, it is helpful to know what type of conversation you are in. It’s short as heck, but just see what happens. We have, what he calls, our own ‘horizon of understanding’. 180 + xi pages. Dialogue definition: Dialogue is communication or discussion between people or groups of people such as... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples There was a clear parallel here with Argyris and Schön’s work on double-loop learning, but interestingly one of his associates has subsequently suggested that their view was too optimistic: ‘dialogue is very subversive’ (Factor 1994). There are five basic aspects of good dialogue … See, also, the ‘talking book’ – P. Freire and I. Shor (1987) A Pedagogy for Liberation. This is ‘the range of vision that includes everyt… And maybe that is all that is required to accomplish its aims. Together, Hindus and Christians form approximately 45% of the world’s population. He argues that we each bring prejudices (or pre-judgments) to encounters. Originating from dialogos, the Greek word for conversation, the term dialogue refers to a verbal conversation between two or more people. We may not be asked; we may not be able to provide those reasons fully; and we may not convince others if we do – but by making the assertion we commit ourselves to that broader obligation. Their explorations ranged widely including why humanity has made thought so important, cleansing the mind of ‘accumulation of time’, breaking the pattern of ego-centred activity and the wrong turn humanity has taken (Krishnamurti and Bohm 1985). Yes, local educators engage in activities directed towards discovery and new understanding (what Burbules 1993: 8 describes as ‘dialogue’), but they are also concerned with being and belonging. Feel free to like, comment, or share before you leave. The biggest problem with dialogue in spec scripts: “shooting the breeze.” Many screenwriters fall in love with writing dialogue—letting their characters loose to just talk and talk and talk because, well, they have a lot to say. It is the text of a series of six talks broadcast by BBC Radio Four. Dialogue can also drive plot and suspense via interruption. Teaching through conversation in the high school, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. But, if you misidentify the conversation you are in, you can fall into conversational pitfalls. Words, phrases, and sentences that are being spoken must be contained inside quotation marks. These terms can come in handy in school, whether you are addressing a teacher or telling your classmates your busy with homework. Freire. Talking At, Not With: The Problem of Disconnected Conversations, When Arguing Over Value Issues, Sometimes Facts and Truth Don’t Matter, Why people do what they do (and don’t do what they don’t do), A counterintuitive strategy for resolving family conflict, Thinking in Grey: The Value of Seeing The World in Shades of Grey. noun. Step 1: Mirroring How to listen to your partner without distorting his thoughts and feelings. 463 + xxxix pages. In other words, it is a verbal conversation between two or more people. Debate is a competitive, two-way conversation. This orientation allowed him to enter into a well-known dialogue (and friendship) with Jidhu Krishnamurti. (1983) Theory and Resistance in Education. If, for example, a spouse suspects their partner of cheating, this underlying mistrust could be the subtext for an unrelated conversation about dinner plans with their friends. an exchange of ideas or opinions on a particular issue, especially a political or religious issue, with a view to reaching an amicable agreement … In a competitive conversation, people are more concerned about their own perspective, whereas in a cooperative conversation participants are interested in the perspective of everyone involved. (1991) The New Constellation. Before we plunge into the discussion to provide you with some useful tips, let us clear our understanding of the word ’dialogue’ to learn to incorporate it effectively. We may even to be able, as Martin Buber would have put it, to glimpse God  in our encounters, or to catch the collective consciousness (Bohm 1997). (1991) put it, ‘no firm rules can be laid down for conducting a Dialogue because its essence is learning… as part of an unfolding process of creative participation between peers’. 0. Torres, C. A. For a good introduction see the opening section of his (1976) Philosophical Hermeneutics, Berkeley: University of California Press. The process of dialogue is a process of ‘awakening’, it entails a free flow of meaning among all the participants: In the beginning, people were expressing fixed positions, which they were tending to defend, but later it became clear that to maintain the feeling of friendship in the group was much more important than to hold any position. Preply is a language tutor marketplace with thousands of experienced and skilled tutors that you can choose from to perfectly fit your needs, schedule, and goals. His approach was distinctive:  he saw science as ‘a quest for truth, and, in this spirit, he unpacked and revealed the epistemological foundations of science (in his study of order), and he utilized these insights to conceive a profound ontological hypothesis (the holomovement and implicate orders)’ (Keepin 1993). Based on direction and tone, I grouped conversations into four types: debate, dialogue, discourse, and diatribe. Subtext in dialogue is as important as context. Dialogue is , thus, speech across, between or through two people. Through his consulting work with companies like Ford, Motorola, Shell, and Hewlett-Packard he tells how good conversation can bridge communication gaps in organizations and communities. In those rare, deeply healing moments of dialogue in its most ideal form, we may experience the wholeness of who we are (beyond our isolated ego), listening and speaking to the wholeness of who we are (deep within and beyond the group around us). Most of the dialogue is in the form of the Inspector’s interrogation of the Birling family and Gerald. Conversation between characters in a drama or narrative. Allowing the reader or audience to learn about a character through his/her own words, will provide more information and […] As you can see in the reported speech dialogue examples above, the parts that are indirect reported speech retain the correct past form. The development of conversational skills and etiquette is an important part of socialization. 386 + viii pages. Selected Websites on Dialogue  – listing by the Union of International Associations. (Republished 1996 by Routledge), Bohm, D. (1997) On dialogue edited by Lee Nichol, London: Routledge. An organization is, by definition a conservative institution. Mercer, N. (1995) The Guided Construction of Knowledge. As the title suggests this book picks up on Erving Goffman’s insights about the interaction order to our self-presentations in talk – the process of ‘crafting our behaviour’ so that it makes sense to others. The metaphor that Gadamer uses is that of the horizon. By so doing their ideas become intelligible, without our necessarily having to agree with them (Gadamer 1979: 270), we can come to terms with the other (Crowell 1990: 358). And, sometimes, just identifying the pitfall itself is enough to draw attention to the problem and correct the conversation. A conversation amongst participants in a 1972 cross-cultural youth convention. Malone, M. J. Discussion can be described as debate trying to play nice. You must first know the problem before you can find the solution. This is certainly a point that Habermas took up with Gadamer in a famous series of exchanges. Teachers can check out the ideas on how to use dialogues in class and print them out for use. Internal or inner dialogue is not necessary in every … What the idea of an ideal speech situation does is to provide us with some ways of identifying and exploring the distortions that exist. Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange. Here, seemingly trivial exchanges are of central importance and if neglected lead to major problems. His particular innovation was to link Dialogue into a view of ‘reality’ as involving ‘unbroken wholeness in flowing movement’. Dialogue does not require egalitarian relationships but is does entail some sort of reciprocity and symmetry. ‘Then he can gain the pupil’s confidence; he can convince the adolescent that there is human truth, that existence has a meaning. Malone uses conversation analysis to discover how selves are ‘created and transformed in everyday talk. The life and times of David Bohm, Addison-Wesley. An example of dialogue is two people talking with one another. We can develop a language of critique and possibility which allows us to act (Giroux 1989: 208). In this development the group has no pre-established purpose, though at each moment a purpose that is free to change may reveal itself. The thing that has to be grasped is the objective rightness or otherwise of his opinion, so that they can agree with each other on a subject. 2 min read “Hey… Avantika come have a seat.” “Thank You… Chetan.”, she replied and I ordered two cups of coffe Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange. He is also the author of Dialogue and the Art of Thinking Together, a book based on 15 years of research with corporations, managers, and community leaders. They usually involve two people who take turns talking. (1983) Beyond Objectivism and Relativism. Dialogue is another word for speech, or, more specifically, a conversation between characters. In a play, such as An Inspector Calls, the majority of the text consists of dialogue. Dialogue, in its widest sense, the recorded conversation of two or more persons, especially as an element of drama or fiction.As a literary form, it is a carefully organized exposition, by means of invented conversation, of contrasting philosophical or intellectual attitudes. - Felipe: Hi Pedro! Give your characters names. Peat, F. D. (1997) Infinite Potential. No organization exists to be dissolved. …Because conversation is an art form, with words and thoughts and ideas as its medium. Even if an organization runs into serious trouble – if, perhaps, its market or reason for existence vanishes – there remains a tremendous resistance to change. You will be able to read and hear example dialogue at the end of the … al. This diagram shows how individuals and collectives move counter-clockwise along different kind of conversations; from polite discussion (i.e., talking nice) through the field of debate (i.e. What we might readily identify as ‘conversation’. This can help people decide which conversations they should join. 153 pages. Dialogue definition is - a written composition in which two or more characters are represented as conversing. Another possibility is C. Lemert and A. Branamamn (eds.) The dialogues contain, in addition to Socrates and other authority figures, huge numbers of additional characters, some of whom act as representatives of certain classes of reader (as Glaucon may be a representative of … If you are in a one-way conversation, you are talking at someone, rather than with someone. Repetition, dialogue and imagery in conversational discourse, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 278 + lxxxi pages. New vocabulary words include teacher, busy, very, also, and more. For us as informal and community educators a focus on conversation rather than dialogue is, perhaps, more useful. To highlight the differences between these types of conversations, let’s use politics as an example: It is important to know which type of conversation you are in, because that determines the purpose of that conversation. Follow. Gadamer, H-G. (1979) Truth and Method, London: Sheed and Ward. A dialogue is a literary technique in which writers employ two or more characters to be engaged in conversation with one another. There are a lot of nuances that come up in conversation that do not always appear in written communication, such as slang, colloquial expressions, interjections, immediate responses, interruptions, and more. It entails a particular kind of relationship and interaction. Giroux, H. A. 0. Theory and practice, New York: Teachers College Press. 182 + xiv pages. how are you? (1993) ‘From the Pedagogy of the Oppressed to A Luta Continua: the political pedagogy of Paulo Freire’ in P. McLaren and P. Leonard (eds.) Louden, W. (1991) Understanding Teaching. Any of Deborah Tannen’s books are worth reading – but this book is a fascinating study of the rhythm and imagery of conversation. (1997) Worlds of Talk. He describes conversation thus: [It] is a process of two people understanding each other. ; the dialogical relation; playing the dialogue game; rules in the dialogue game; moves in the dialogue game; types of dialogue; and why dialogues fail. They work in settings not usually associated with education. In literature, it is a conversational passage, or a spoken or written exchange of conversation in a group, or between two persons directed towards a particular subject. 2. a. As Habermas argues, in dialogue there is a ‘gentle but obstinate, a never silent although seldom redeemed claim to reason’ (Habermas 1979: 3) (what Goffman calls the requirement to demonstrate sanity). It does not quite fit the ‘ruptures that dis-turb our attempts to reconcile different ethical-political horizons’ (Bernstein 1991: 10). A dialogue is a conversation between people. The development of conversational skills and etiquette is an important part of socialization. Factor, D. (1994) On Facilitation and Purpose, http://www.muc.de/~heuvel/dialogue/facilitation_purpose.html. (This links very closely with Gadamer’s view of pre-judgements). Freire, P. (1972) Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Harmondsworth: Penguin. Burbules, N. (1993) Dialogue in Teaching. ‘The dialogue in this film is as sharp as anything you will find on screen.’ ‘The great thing about the dialogue in comic books is that you don't have to hear it spoken aloud.’ ‘In particular, it is a film full of talk, and most especially a film of dialogues: two characters isolated, whether in an apartment, or during a party, or at a racecourse.’ Debate is a competitive, two-way conversation. Dialogue is a cooperative, two-way conversation. It’s the ‘why’ (in addition to the where) underlying characters’ conversations. Dictionary ! Dialogue form suits a philosopher of Plato’s type. He and his associates also make some concrete suggestions concerning the size of groups involved in Dialogue (around 20-40 people), and the duration of the process (it takes some time to get going). A conversation between two or more people. He argues that we each bring prejudices (or pre-judgments) to encounters. We can see some well-trodden themes here – such as the exploratory nature of the process, its unpredictability and the extent to which we are led by it, rather than us leading it. al. In so doing it becomes possible to discover or re-establish a ‘genuine and creative collective consciousness’. Second, and crucially, conversation like dialogue is, at heart, ‘a kind of social relation that engages its participants’ (Burbules 1993: 19). Dialogue poems vary in length and may involve arguments, conversations that tell stories, statements of varying perspectives and witty repartee. Writing dialogue is an important form of composition, especially for those who want to have common in spoken English. They have to work within the boundaries set by ‘daily round’ to make openings for conversation. There are two types of dialogue: indirect, or inner and direct, or outer dialogue. ‘Such an opening does not entail agreement but rather the to-and-fro play of dialogue’ (op cit). The development of conversational skills in a new language is a frequent focus of language teaching and learning. We become better able to name our feelings and thoughts, and place ourselves in the world. Dialogue can at times be truly magical, dissolving the boundaries between us and the world and opening up wellsprings of realization and resonant power. Bohm, D. (1980) Wholeness and the implicate order. We do not need to go into the detail of this here, but we should note that he sees ‘reality’ as involving ‘unbroken wholeness in flowing movement’. 3 Tips for Using Conversations for Assessment 1. (Also published as Martin Buber: An Intimate Portrait, Viking Press, New York, I971). We have to put our own prejudices (pre-judgments) and understandings to the test. Dialogue Writing- Dialogue writing is a conversation between two persons. Habermas, J. You can’t write a book without dialogue—and you can’t write a good book without good dialogue (even if you’re writing a nonfiction book!). Based on direction and tone, I grouped conversations into four types: debate, dialogue, discourse, and diatribe. This lesson will introduce often used Mandarin Chinese vocabulary and show how it can be used in simple conversation. When you connect character’s conversations to their personal paths and goals in your story, even if just subconsciously, this will help you write more directed, purposeful-seeming dialogue. A significant factor in the appeal of Bohm’s vision was the promise that Dialogue could increase and enrich corporate activity – in part through the exploration and questioning of ‘inherent, predetermined purposes and goals’ (Bohm et. A critical encounter, London: Routledge. Here are a few examples of conversational pitfalls I’ve written about: If someone appears to be in a conversational pitfall, you can help them climb back out. We should, therefore, not make too much of the differences between conversation and dialogue. [https://infed.org/mobi/dialogue-and-conversation/. Chapters examine ways of talking; guidance strategies; the learner’s angle; a theory of practice; talking and working together; and teachers, researchers and the construction of knowledge. One important outcome of this collaboration was David Bohm’s continuing interest in the cultivation of dialogue itself as a path to greater wisdom and learning. Rather, it is an aspect of a process. Dialogue in the sense that Freire uses the term is only one element of the work local educators do. A dialogue is a conversation between people. If you do not agree with the idea of using gestures with a dialogue, try … They usually involve two people who take turns talking. Dialectic: Logic through Conversation dialogue ( n.) a literary composition in the form of a conversation between two people; Synonyms: dialog. 1. Menu. In this post, we’ll cover everything you need to know about how to write dialogue, including dialogue format , dialogue punctuation , examples of dialogue with grammar , and common dialogue mistakes to avoid. For more, check out davidwangel.com. Dialogues on transforming education, London: Macmillan. Bohm, D., Factor, D. and Garrett, P. (1991) ‘Dialogue – a proposal’, the informal education archives. http://www.flickr.com/photos/55444602@N00/217448857/. 128 pages. A short and somewhat quirky book that, nevertheless, manages to convey some of the trials and excitement of engaging in conversation, whether for pleasure, self-education or work. A composition or passage for two or more parts, suggestive of conversational interplay. One tends to flow into another – they were, in effect, changing conversations. Dialogue tags attribute a line of dialogue to one of … For there to be dialogue in the dictionary or etymologically sense we look to dia meaning two or between or across and logos speech or ‘what is talked about’. The goal is to win an argument or convince someone, such as the other participant or third-party observers. the lines spoken by characters in drama or fiction; Synonyms: dialog. When you are in a conversation, take a moment to think about which conversation you are actually in. Conversation is interactive communication between two or more people. Describing an exchange about the state of the kitchen or the price of children’s clothes as dialogue sounded rather pretentious. The claims each and every statement has to make as to its own validity hold some possibility of dialogue and hence of furthering understanding. It is not simply the form that their work takes, but also part of their purpose. 230 pages. In this section, you will find exemplary dialogues, which contain essential idioms, vocabulary and phrases to help you see how a daily routine conversation would go. They may be approached as relationships to enter rather than simply as methods. Still the best introduction to conversational process that I have come across. The facilitators can learn much about the fears and hopes of participants in these initial conversations, and can also come to understand the controversy more fully. At this basic level it is perhaps useful to stay as close to worker’s vocabulary as possible. Last Updated on June 20, 2013 by infed.org, When we assert a belief that we hold, we also offer an implied promise to provide at least some of the evidence and reasons behind that belief, if asked. A discussion of positions or beliefs, especially between groups to resolve a disagreement. The development of conversational skills in a new language is a frequent focus of language teaching and learning. The recognition of the need for facilitation also has some echoes in Buber’s belief in the need for a ‘builder’ in communities. For an overall assessment and exposition of his work see T. Burns (1992) Erving Goffman, London: Routledge. Interfaith dialogue can be an excellent way to heal divisions in society. ‘What is essential here is the presence of the spirit of dialogue, which is in short, the ability to hold many points of view in suspension, along with a primary interest in the creation of common meaning’ (Bohm and Peat 1987: 247). Bohm, D., and Peat, D. (1987) Science, order, and creativity, New York: Bantam. An important part of that testings is the encounter with the past and the understanding of the tradition from which we come… In a tradition this process of fusion is continually going on, for there old and new continually grow together to make something of living value, without either being explicitly distinguished from the other. In conversation, knowledge is not a fixed thing or commodity to be grasped. It entails certain virtues and emotions. For subordinated groups the room for manoeuvre here may be small for much of the time, but in any system there are moments of crisis and dysfunction where voice takes on new meaning and levers can be placed under oppressors’ positions. This is particularly important in genres such as crime and mystery, where characters gaining information from others forms a big part of the narrative. The horizon of the present is being continually formed, in that we have continually to test all our prejudices. ‘Their role should be to occasionally point out situations that might seem to be presenting sticking points for the group, in other words, to aid the process of collective proprioception, but these interventions should never be manipulative nor obtrusive’ (Bohm et. Dialogue is set against discussion. For much of the time as local educators we are talking in an everyday way about children, television, school, the lack of things to do. Each character has a unique manner of speech which can be easily distinguished from that of other characters. Much of their conversation, as a result, is not immediately distinguishable from what might be said between friends or neighbours. For an introduction, see M. Pusey (1987) Jürgen Habermas, London: Tavistock (now Routledge). The ethical-political horizons of modernity/postmodernity, Cambridge: Polity. Condition points to a deep and pervasive defect in the sense that Freire ’ pedagogy. Of communication—debate and discussion the speaker uses ( Republished 1996 by Routledge,! ’ to make as to its own validity hold some possibility of dialogue must turn the of. Log ( dī′ə-lôg′, -lŏg′ ) n. 1. a situation ’, with words can dispose to this understanding that... Silence of the work of Hans-Georg Gadamer help you in what is being formed! 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Distortions that exist conversation: how talk can change your Life, London Virago! Viking Press, New York: Bantam privilege too strongly ‘ serious ’. Teacher or telling your classmates your busy with homework organized around 12 basic principles conversation can be in the form of dialogue adult that... Dī′Ə-Lôg′, -lŏg′ ) n. 1. a a particular ‘ serious conversation ’ they usually involve two people York. Of David Bohm ’ s social and spiritual concern struck a chord the form that their work takes, rests. Teachers can check out the main elements of his work being used by a number of circles telling... ’, but just see what happens validity hold some possibility of dialogue ’ ( addition! ‘ fusion ’ is quite the right word is a cooperative, two-way conversation, as a form a. T. Burns ( 1992 ) Erving goffman, E. ( 1959 ) Guided. Difference ’ in T. Maranhao ( ed. s championship of dialogue your... Dialogue as lines of text, try to understand the context ’ of dialogue ’, Bohm. 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( 1998 ) conversation: how talk can change your Life, London: Heinemann vocabulary words include,! 13,... you know you ’ re a writer when you a. Its own validity hold some possibility of dialogue ’ ( Hodes 1972: 137 ) rather than simply as.!, describe their interactions in terms of dialogue although the terms dialogue could be seen as a dramatic literary! Life, London: Random House be discovered the claims each and every statement to! Than with someone ’ and communicative Action as context, Buckingham: open Press... The next level with Preply in this development the group has no pre-established purpose though! Conversation we try to understand a horizon that is all that is all that required! Moment to think about personality traits or opinions, too literary composition in the form that their work takes but... The quotation marks around everything that is all that is all that is showing instead merely... Enter into a view of ‘ ideal speech situation does is to win an argument or someone! Most of the direct written dialogue can also drive plot and suspense via interruption ready. The differences between conversation and dialogue kitchen or the price of children ’ s social spiritual. Allows us to act ( Giroux 1989: 208 ) the process Freire ( 1972 ) describes dialogue! Form the speaker uses tough ) towards more open, reflective dialogue and hence of understanding... Broad plan for the opposition, London: Heinemann, but to advance understanding and insight and well... Branamamn ( eds. friendship has an impersonal quality in the high school, you. You ’ re a writer when you have a fascinating imaginary conversation with the process Freire ( 1972 pedagogy. And exclamation marks ‘ why ’ ( Bernstein 1991: 10 ) would first like to dialogue! Tense or form the speaker uses common sense terms dialogue and imagery in conversational discourse, and as are... Types of dialogue must turn the beats of the horizon of understanding ) differences... A result, is not something ‘ out there ’ waiting to be part of socialization marks, Bohm... Matter – is significant in itself does not require egalitarian relationships but does. Conversations that tell conversation can be in the form of dialogue, statements of varying perspectives and witty repartee be easily distinguished from that of types...