7 chord voicings, charts and sounds. 7th chords are over the place in every style of music. This may feel a little bit above your head at first but once you practice these for a while they will become like second nature just like the rest of the chords that you have learned. You can also think them as minor 7th chords with a major seventh in place of the minor seventh (b7). Feel free to leave any comments or questions in the comments section below. Minor 7th chord diagrams for each of the 12 chromatic tones. You probably also know that the distance from the root to the lowered third is a minor 3rd, and the distance from the lowered 3rd to the 5th is a major 3rd. The minor major seventh chord is a minor triad to which the major seventh has been added. Now there were two options for the open Em7 above. A minor 7 chord contains chord tones 1, b3, 5 and b7. D Minor 7 chord intervals and notes. The interval from the root to the 3rd is a major 3rd, from the root to the 5th is a perfect 5th, and from the root to the 7th is a major 7th. Therefore, you should check upon this and decide which way you prefer to play the chord. Copyright © 2015 - 2020 - SixStringAcoustic.com - Privacy Policy. One uses the normal open Em and adds the minor 7th (D) on the B string (3rd fret) – see above. Along with the chord shapes, an example using C minor 7 in music and tab is included for each chord type. An A minor triad is spelled A C E. If you have made it this far in the lesson you probably know that the formula for a minor chord is root, lowered 3rd, 5th. In this chord shape you are playing the 3rd, or the C#, with you 3rd finger and the 7th, or G#, with your 1st finger. Lower the C# and the G# of the A major 7 chord one half step to a C and a G. You are basically making the major 3rd into a minor 3rd and the major 7th into a minor 7th. Move everything up one fret and you now have an Em7 (in a different position to the open Em7). Now we have A C E and G, the notes in a minor 7 chord. E Minor Seventh Chord Charts for Guitar, Free & Printable. Before you go any further in this lesson you should make sure that you know how major and minor triads are made. Let’s start with stacking thirds. Direct: 1-604-855-7605 Every minor chord has a minor 3rd interval. Keep your 4th finger on the 7th fret of the 4th string. All you have to do to make an A major 7 chord into an A minor 7 chord is lower the 3rd and the 7th one half step each. The F sharp minor 7 chord (F#m7) an F# minor chord (F# – A – C#) with the ‘flat 7’ of the F# Major scale included (E).. D minor 7 (written as Dm7) adds in a minor 7th note – which is a C. So Dm7 contains the D, F, A & C notes. Don't confuse this with just 7 chords, since those are major chords. Ebm7 Guitar Chord and alternate tunings. Remember that these chords are movable. E Minor 7 chord intervals and notes. Acoustic vs Bass Guitar: Which is better for Beginners. Voila! Before we get started with the chord shapes, be sure to take note of the following analysis of the minor 7b5 chord: A minor 7b5 chord contains chord tones 1, b3, b5 and b7. Notice that the Dm7 uses a two-string barre , which means that you press down two strings with a single finger (the first finger, in this case) at the first fret. And like most chords they aren’t as daunting as they sound. The other just uses one finger to play the chord. Chord Theory - 7th Chords. Along with the Major 7 and Dominant 7 chords, the minor 7 chord is one of the most common 7th chords in all of music. It will be less confusing if you already have a grasp of chords. The "A Minor 7" chord is fairly easy to play. The Fm7 using this pattern is shown in the chord chart below. Those two ways are stacking thirds or altering the notes of a major 7 chord. The only difficulty in playing these chords, if any, comes from having something new to learn – but once you have practiced them enough they will feel as natural and familiar as any other chord. Some of the presented diagrams, primarily Cm, Fm, Bm, C#m/Dbm, D#m/Ebm, F#m/Gbm, are often played with other shapes (barre chords most of all), or with a capo. Here’s a quick recap on what minor 7 flat 5 chords are. You'll hear liberal use of these chords in the music of Garth Brooks and Faith Hill. The easiest way to think of it is to setup for your minor barre chord and then simply lift off your 4th finger and you have a minor 7th barre chord. To get a better understanding of this stuff I encourage you to take lessons – be they online lessons or in-person lessons. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. So that’s: A, C, E and G. The tab shows how an Am7 chord is constructed using the A major scale as a reference. We are going to cover two ways that you can think about building minor 7 chords. To make a minor 7th chord you just need to add another minor third starting from the 5th of the chord. Don't confuse this with just 7 chords, since those are major chords. Intervals. You always have to specify major 7th chords as maj7, but you can simply use “7” to label … G and C have a major 7th, but D has a flat or minor 7th. These five chord types form the basis of all chords. This is achieved by simply lifting off the 2nd finger when playing the Em – see below. A minor 7 chords consist of the 1st(A), b3rd (C), 5th(E), b7(G) notes of the A Major diatonic scale. It’s not quite as sad as the minor chord, but not quite as dissonant as the dominant 7 chord, although it’s kinda a mixture of both!. don’t play the 5th (A) or 6th (Low E) strings. In this guitar lesson we are going to take a look at how minor 7 chords are made. Am7 Guitar Chord and alternate tunings. 21 Guitar Playing Tips Every Beginner Should Know, Tips for Learning How to Play the Guitar and Sing at the Same Time, Acoustic Guitar Stands: Ways to Keep Your Guitar When Not Playing, Takamine Serial Numbers: What They Can Tell You and How to Decode Them. Notes in E m7. I try to respond to every comment. Make an A major 7 chord by taking the root, 3rd, 5th and 7th of the A major scale. The chord is built by a root, a minor third, a fifth and a minor seventh. How to build, play and use minor 7 chords all over the guitar. For all other chords see the barre chords below. Perhaps the toughest part in learning seventh chords lies in the fact that there are currently no standardized methods in writing them. A minor seventh chord attributes: Interval positions with respect to the A major scale, notes in the chord and name variations: Scale intervals: 1 - b3 - 5 - b7; Notes in the chord: A - C - E - G; Various names: Am7 - Amin7 - A minor 7 The minor 7 chord in general is a very common and popular chord. C# Minor 7th Guitar Chord - also known as C#m7 chord, C#min7 chord, C#-7 chord Minor major seventh guitar chords are built by adding a major seventh (7) to a minor triad (1-b3-5) thus giving this formula : root (1), minor third (b3), fifth (5) and major seventh (7). To decide on which lessons you prefer check out my post on online vs in-person guitar lessons. Notes in the chord: B- D - F# - A. There is the dominant 7th chord which is the main ingredient for blues and the major 7th chord which you can find a lot in jazz music, but also chords like the minor 7b5 and diminished 7 are part of the jazz chord vocabulary. B minor seventh chord attributes: Interval positions with respect to the B major scale, notes in the chord and name variations: Scale intervals: 1 - b3 - 5 - b7. Basically, they’re the same as a minor … You will notice (as is always the case with barre chords on the A string) that the pattern being played by your 2nd and 3rd fingers is the same as the open Am7. You can play this chord with a full barre. A minor 7th chord is constructed by using the 1st, the flattened 3rd (one fret lower), the 5th and the flattened 7th notes of the scale. Lower the C# and the G# of the A major 7 chord one half step to a C and a G. You are basically making the major 3rd into a minor 3rd and the major 7th into a minor 7th. The E minor 7 (Em7) chord defined. Take the pattern of the Dm7 shown above, except now play it using your 2nd third and 4th fingers. 7 chord voicings, charts and sounds. Put these voicings in your vocabulary and under your fingers, they'll come in quite handy later as we put these chords into progressions. With C as the root, the chord is spelt: C – Eb – G – Bb. Privacy. Minor 3 rd. Intervals. 1 - b3 - 5 - b7. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. 6 Movable Barre Chord Shapes. This repeats the minor 3rd in the chord, and may be useful if you are voice leading on either the top or bottom string. The minor 7th is similar to the dominant 7th, but is distinguished by its minor third. Chord theory and charts for all guitarists in written and Tab Form. The open-position minor 7th chords are Dm7, Em7, and Am7. The second scale degree of the melodic minor scale. E - G - B - D. The m in m7 refers to the chord being a minor chord, and the 7 refers to the added dominant 7th degree note. Place your 4th finger on the 7th fret of the 4th string, 3rd finger on the 6th fret of the 3rd string, 2nd finger on the 5th fret of the 2nd string, and 1st finger on the 4th fret of the 1st string. When first exploring these minor chord qualities, learning the drop 2 and drop 3 chord shapes will give you a strong understanding of each chord type on a variety of string sets around the fretboard. There are two basic minor chord qualities used in jazz: minor 7 (m7) and minor 6 (m6) chords. Your email address will not be published. I have only shown those that are easy to play as open chords. Notes in D m7. The A minor 7 chord (Am7) is an A minor chord (A – C – E) with the ‘flat 7’ of the A Major scale included (G).. Along with the Major 7 and Dominant 7 chords, the minor 7 chord is one of the most common 7th chords in all of music. The minor 7 chord (sometimes written as: m7 or min7), is a very jazzy, chilled out sounding chord. "I want to help you get started on the guitar with step-by-step lessons for FREE!" Simply set up for your minor barre chord and lift off your 4th finger. All you have to do to make an A major 7 chord into an A minor 7 chord is lower the 3rd and the 7th one half step each. In guitar chord theory part 1 we looked at major, minor and suspended triads (three note chords). Now I will give you the chord shape for the A minor 7 chord that we get when we lower the C# and G#. Video Cliffs: 0:00 – Intro 0:57 – Dominant 7th Chords 4:37 – Major 7th Chords 12:47 – Minor 7th Chords. Chord notes and structure: Eb Gb Bb Db (R m3 5 m7). Now we have A C E and G, the notes in a minor 7 chord. Your email address will not be published. So for example, a D Minor chord has the notes D, F & A. If these terms are new to you it might take a little bit of understanding. Take a look at an A minor triad for an example. [email protected], Musora Media, Inc. © 2019 -   Terms  /   The easier way is to play this is by using the 2nd Em7 pattern above. Minor 7 Flat 5 Chords. So a minor 7 th chord is made up of: Root. If we stick with our A minor example this note would be a G. An A minor 7 chord would be spelled A C E G. Now lets take a look at how to make an A minor 7 chord by altering the notes in an A major 7 chord. Now we move into constructing minor 7th chords using barre chords. the minor seventh note is raised a half-note). All minor 7 chords are minor triads with a minor 7th added: root note, or 1st, a minor 3rd, a perfect 5th, and a minor 7th interval. So for example, a D Minor chord has the notes D, F & A. Both are thoroughly explored in this lesson. In the key of G, these chords are G, C, and D. You may expect them all to make similar major 7th chords, but they don’t. D - F - A - C. The m in m7 refers to the chord being a minor chord, and the 7 refers to the added dominant 7th degree note. Now add your first finger onto the D string in the 1st fret. It is the minor third interval that gives the minor triad its quality and name. Abbotsford, BC, V2T 6H2 Canada There are a couple of options for the Em7. A minor seventh is a minor chord with a minor 7 th note added to it. Minor 7 chords are a great way to add just a little spice to all styles of country music. E minor 7 (Em7) is a beautiful chord composed of the notes E, G, B, and D.The combination of the minor key (G is the flat 3rd of the major scale) and the 7th interval (D) give it a rich, interesting sound. Construction Of Min (Maj7) Chords. All we need to do to make this into an A minor 7 chord is lower the 3rd and 7th one half step each. Various names: Bm7 - Bmin7 - B minor 7. … If you haven’t yet learned your major and minor chords and dominant 7th chords I encourage you to learn these first before trying minor sevenths. 1 - b3 - 5 - b7. If you already know how major and minor chords are made you can jump right in. Place your 2nd finger on the 5th fret of the 3rd string, 3rd finger on the 5th fret of the 2nd string, and 1st finger on the 3rd fret of the 1st string. Once you play around with it a bit on the guitar it will become clearer. Required fields are marked *. In part 2 we learned how to construct augmented and diminished triads. This means that it is the same as a minor seventh chord but with a major seventh, rather than a minor seventh (i.e. Last updated: June 29, 2018 by Nate Leave a Comment. With C as the root, the chord is spelt: C – Eb – Gb – Bb Take a look at the following figure to see the diagrams and proper fingering for the three open-position minor 7th (m7) chords. Toll Free: 1-800-439-8921 If you don’t, go back and check out the lessons Major Guitar Chords and Minor Guitar Chords. Below are a few different minor 7ths as open chords. Click on a link below a picture for more alternatives including barre shapes and capo positions. This is really cool for understanding how minor 7 chords are made, but it is not very practical. These notes are A C# E and G#. Notice how the C# and G# just move down one fret even though the fingering changed quite a bit. Like the m7’s on the D string (and with all other barre chords) only one pattern is needed and is then the same pattern can be repeated up the fret board to change the chord. The Dominant 7th chord is used a lot, and the minor 7th chord lesson commonly so but is quite a challenge and a great one to learn to make sure you have your barre working well! You can play it with the first pattern but you may find this quite difficult though it is certainly doable. You now have your m7 barre chord pattern for 5th string (A string) barre chords. Check out the chord diagrams we have given you to learn more practical shapes for minor 7 chords. Put this in to practice by making an A major 7 chord and turning it into an A minor 7 chord. As you can see in the example below, mMaj7 chords are only one note different from m7 chords, they have a major 7 th interval compared to the minor 7 th interval. The minor 7th chord (abbreviated m7 in chord names) is a four-note chord, but due to the characteristics of the guitar, the chords can involve four to six notes (in some cases with duplicated notes). Thanks for reading and I hope you have learned a lot from this post. Chord Root Minor third Perfect fifth Minor seventh Cm C E♭ G B♭ C♯m C♯ E G♯ B D♭m D♭ F♭ (E) A♭ C♭ (B) Dm D F A C D♯m D♯ F♯ A♯ C♯ E♭m E♭ G♭ B♭ D♭ Em E G B D Fm F A♭ C E♭ F♯m F♯ A C♯ E G♭m G♭ B (A) D♭ F♭ (E) Gm G B♭ D F G♯m G♯ B D♯ F♯ A♭m A♭ C♭ (B) E♭ G♭ Am A C E G A♯m A♯ C♯ E♯ (F) G♯ B♭m B♭ D♭ F A♭ Bm B D F♯ A Next up we're going to be learning the Dominant 7th chord (usually just written as 7) and also the Minor 7th Chord. A minor seventh is a minor chord with a minor 7th note added to it. This is an A major 7th chord. D minor 7 (written as Dm7) adds in a minor 7th note – which is a C. So Dm7 contains the D, F, A & C notes. And, even though I find it is useful to know, you don’t necessarily need to understand the theory to play the chords. Simply place your 1st finger on the "B" string, 1st fret & your 2nd finger on the "D" string, 2nd fret. As is the beauty of barre chords the pattern for the barre minor 7th chords on the E (6th) string is the same shape as the open Em7. Chord notes and structure: A C E G (R m3 5 m7). A major triad with a minor 7th is technically called a dominant 7th, but, and this is where things get confusing, it’s simply referred to as a 7th. View our Em7 guitar chord charts and voicings in Standard tuning with our free guitar chords and chord charts.If you are looking for the Em7 chord in other tunings, be sure to scroll to the bottom of the page. This one is pretty easy assuming you’ve learned your minor barre chords. Don’t worry if you don’t understand this fully. 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